3 × Abstraction: New Methods of Drawing by Hilma af Klint, Emma Kunz, and Agnes Martin

Main Gallery Jun 11–Aug 13, 2005

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3 × Abstraction: New Methods of Drawing by Hilma af Klint, Emma Kunz, and Agnes Martin
Jun 11–Aug 13, 2005





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Emma Kunz, Work No. 009, n.d. (detail)

3 x Abstraction: New Methods of Drawing by Hilma af Klint, Emma Kunz, and Agnes Martin juxtaposed 100 rarely if ever seen paintings, drawings, and watercolors by these three artists of different generations. This major historical exhibition illuminated the extraordinary contributions made to abstract art by Hilma af Klint (Sweden, 1862-1944), Emma Kunz (Switzerland, 1892-1963), and Agnes Martin (Canada, 1912-2004). Each used distinctive formal devices–particularly line, grid, and geometry–to visualize and transform complex philosophical, scientific, and metaphysical ideas into powerful and transcendent works of art.

The exhibition focused on a specific period of production within the life of each artist – af Klint’s spare and evocative compositions made between 1895 and 1920; Kunz’s complex large-scale drawings based on mathematical geometries; and Martin’s meditative early grids, primarily from the 1960s when the grid was first emerging as a focus of her work. 3 x Abstraction introduced a wider public to the seminal, inspirational work af Klint and Kunz, and presented intriguing new perspectives on the oeuvre of Agnes Martin. 3 x Abstraction was organized by cocurators Catherine de Zegher, director of The Drawing Center, New York, and writer and independent curator Hendel Teicher.